“By 'open access' to literature we mean its free availability on the public Internet, allowing any user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search or link to the full text of these articles, explore to index them, transmit them as data to software, or use them for any other legal purpose, without financial, legal or technical barriers other than those inseparable to access the Internet itself."
The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities
A publication is considered open access if:
Most publishers own the rights to articles in their journals, not the authors. Anyone who wants to read the articles pays a fee to access them. Institutions and libraries help provide access to paid research through costly negotiations. Even so, no part of the article may be reused by researchers, students, or taxpayers without the publisher's permission, often at additional cost.
Open Access brings us back to the values of science: to help advance and improve society.
By providing immediate and unrestricted access to the latest research, we can accelerate discovery and create a more equitable and inclusive knowledge system.
Studies have shown that open access articles are viewed and cited more often than articles behind a paywall.
Content is available to those who cannot access subscription content.
Open access journals that cut across disciplines help researchers connect more easily and provide greater visibility for their research.
Open access publications and data enable researchers to conduct collaborative research on a global scale.
With permissive licenses like CC BY, researchers are empowered to quickly build on existing research.
Open access journals and books comply with major international funding policies.