@Article{M-10052, AUTHOR = {Riyaz, Mir and Hussain, Hakim}, TITLE = {Detailed Case Study: Himalayan Mountain Formation}, JOURNAL = {Scientific Research Journal of Environment, Earth and Physical Science}, VOLUME = {1}, YEAR = {2023}, NUMBER = {2}, ARTICLE-NUMBER = {M-10052}, URL = {https://isrdo.org/journal/SRJEEP/currentissue/detailed-case-study-himalayan-mountain-formation}, ISSN = {2584-0614}, ABSTRACT = {The smashing of the Indian and Eurasian tectonic plates, which started around 50 million years ago, is the primary driver of the geological processes and the creation of the Himalayas. With subduction, melting, and crustal buckling, tectonic activity is still forming the area and creating the tallest peaks on Earth. This dynamic geological past has biological ramifications, generating a biodiversity-rich centre with various microclimates and acting as the source of major Asian rivers.The Himalayas' environmental problems and human activity are entwined with geological processes, which affects the region's reliance on agriculture and makes it more vulnerable to natural catastrophes like floods, landslides, and earthquakes. Because rivers are vital to populations' agricultural livelihoods, tectonic activity may cause changes in river flow, which can impair agrarian output. Natural catastrophes, connected to continuous tectonic movements, threaten human communities, infrastructure, and agriculture. The main issues for the future are research projects and conservation activities. Conservation is essential in the Himalayas to preserve biodiversity and lessen risks from climate change and human activity. This entails encouraging global cooperation, protecting habitats, and advocating sustainable resource management. Understanding the intricate interactions between tectonic movements, climate change, and ecosystems requires ongoing study and observation. Strategies to lessen adverse effects, increase resilience, and guarantee the sustainable cohabitation of people and the distinctive Himalayan environment are informed by this understanding.}, DOI = {} }